Banks play a crucial role in our daily lives. Millions of transactions take place every next minute, in which the bank is involved in some way or the other, such as depositing cash and valuables, withdrawing cash at any time, transferring money from one place to another, etc. These activities can be performed by availing any of the services offered by the bank like, ATM, net banking, cheques and demand drafts.
But what do the two terms cheque and demand draft means? What is the difference between them? Come let’s understand the difference between a cheque and demand draft.
Contents: Cheque Vs Demand Draft
|Basis for Comparison||Cheque||Demand Draft|
|Meaning||Cheque is a negotiable instrument which contains an order to the bank, signed by the drawer, to pay a certain sum of money to a specified person.||Demand Draft is a negotiable instrument used for the transfer of money from one place to another.|
|Payment||Payable either to order or to bearer.||Always payable to order of a certain person.|
|Issuance||Cheque is issued by an individual.||Demand Draft is issued by a bank.|
|Drawer||Customer of the bank.||Bank itself.|
|Parties Involved||Three Parties- Drawer, Drawee, Payee.||Two Parties- Drawer, Payee.|
|Dishonour||Yes, due to insufficient balance or other similar reasons.||No|
Definition of Cheque
The cheque is a negotiable instrument containing an order to make a certain amount of payment to the payee and is signed by the drawer. It can be easily transferred through a mere hand delivery. There are three parties to the cheque- Drawer (maker of the cheque), Drawee (bank on which the cheque is drawn), Payee (to whom the amount of the cheque is payable).
Definition of Demand Draft
Demand draft is a negotiable instrument issued by a certain bank that directs the other bank or one of its own branches to pay a certain sum of money to the payee. In the case of demand draft there are two parties involved in it, one is drawer (bank or any financial institution), and the other is payee (to whom the amount is transferred). It is used for transferring money from one place to another and it cannot be transferred by a mere hand delivery.
Key Differences Between Cheque and Demand Draft
- Cheque is payable either to order or bearer whereas Demand Draft is always payable to the order of a certain person.
- Cheques can be dishonored due to insufficient balance, whereas dishonor is not possible in case of Demand Draft due to pre-payment of the amount.
- Cheques are issued by the customers of the bank while the bank itself issues the Demand Draft.
- Cheque book facility is available only to the account holders of the bank, but Demand Draft facility is available to both the account holders and non-account holders.
- The purpose of the cheque is to make payment in a safe and easy mode while the purpose of the demand draft is to transfer money from one place to another.
Types of Cheque
- Bearer Cheque
The cheque in which the payment is made to any person who presents the cheque to the bank.
- Order Cheque
The cheque in which the payment is made only to the person whose name is specified in the cheque.
- Crossed Cheque
Crossed cheque means that the two transverse parallel lines are made on the face of the cheque, to give a better title to the holder of the cheque. Such a type of cheque can only be transferred to the payee’s account.
- Uncrossed Cheque
The uncrossed cheque is a kind of cheque which is made payable at the time of presenting it.
- Stale Cheque
The type of cheque, which is presented after the specified time of three months is a stale cheque.
Types of Demand Draft
- Sight Demand Draft
The type of demand drafts in which the payment is made only after the presentment of the specific documents at sight.
- Time Demand Draft
The type of demand draft in which the payment is made only after the specified period.
As we have seen from the above discussion, both of these negotiable instruments are significant in its own way. To deal with millions of transactions on a daily basis, one can avail the benefits of a cheque, which is easy and convenient to use and in case the amount needs to be transferred from one place to the another; demand draft is the best option to go for.