There is always a buzz when we talk about a leader and the manager. Leadership is a skill and the person who possess this ability is known as a LEADER. On the other hand, Management is a discipline, and the practitioner of this discipline is known as the MANAGER.
In any organisation both are important as they help in boosting the employee’s morale, reputation, turnover and facilitates the coordination with the stakeholders such as competitors, consumers, suppliers, investors, etc. Let’s understand the difference between the Leader and a Manager.
Content: Leader Vs Manager
|Basis for Comparison||Leader||Manager|
|Meaning||A leader is a person who influences his subordinates to achieve a specified goal.||A manager is a person who manages the organisation and is responsible for planning, direction, coordination and control|
|Approach||Sets Direction||Plans details|
|Decision||Facilitates decision||Makes decision|
|Aim||Growth and development.||Attainment of the required result.|
|Focus||People||Process and Procedure
|Risk||Leader minimizes risks.||Manager takes risks.|
|Change||Leaders promotes change.||Mangers react to change.|
|Conflict||Uses conflict as an asset||Avoid conflict|
|People||Aligns people||Organizes people|
|Strives||For effectiveness||For efficiency|
Definition of Leader
A leader is a person who influences his followers to achieve a specified goal. He is a man with a vision and inspires his followers in such a way that it becomes their vision. He helps them in making the strategy to achieve the goal and possesses a good foresightedness along with the other qualities like- motivating the subordinates, creating teams, innovation, developing trust among the stakeholders, etc.
A leader is required at all levels of the organisation which acts as a representative of the organisation. He encourages the whole team to work together and supports them in accomplishing their tasks, as a guide or a philosopher.
Definition of Manager
A manager is a person who manages the organisation such that he is responsible for planning, organisation, direction, coordination and control. They are the ones who get their work done by the employees through several ways and has the authority to hire or fire the employees. There are various types of managers present in an organisation such as top level managers, functional managers, project manager, general manager.
The role of these managers depends on their nature of work like top level managers are held responsible for the vision and mission of the organisation, functional managers are responsible for different areas of their work like marketing, sales, accounting, etc. Project managers take the responsibility of accomplishing a certain project, and the role of a general manager is vivid i.e. the various activities performed in the business are managed by him.
Key Differences Between Leader and Manager
The difference between leader and manager can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:
- A leader influences his subordinate to achieve a specified goal, whereas a manager is a person who manages the entire organisation.
- A leader possesses the quality of foresightedness while a manager has the intelligence.
- A leader sets directions, but a manager plans details.
- A manager takes decision while a leader facilitates it.
- A leader and the manager is that a leader has followers while the manager has the employees.
- A manager avoids conflicts. On the contrary, a leader uses conflicts as an asset.
- The manager uses transactional leadership style. As against this, transformational leadership style is used by the leader.
- Leaders promote change, but Managers react to the change.
- A leader aligns people, while a manager organises people.
- A leader strives for doing the right things. Conversely, the manager strives for doing the right things.
- The leader focuses on people while a manager focuses on the Process and Procedure.
- A leader minimises the risk while a manager takes the risk.
- A leader aims at the growth and development of his teammates while a manager aims at accomplishing the end results.
In an organisation, it is the manager who performs the five major functions, i.e. planning, organising, leading, controlling and coordinating. So, if we say a manager is also a leader, the statement will be correct, but not all the managers are leaders as only those managers are considered as a leader who performs the functions like a leaders such as encouraging, motivating, insiring and so on. Further, leader can be any person who influences others, the title is not attached with a management position. On the other hand, a manager can only be a person holding a management position.
Qualities of a Leader
- Ability to inspire
- Positive Attitude
- Good communication skills
- Open minded
Qualities of a Manager
- Committed to work
- Effective Decision-Making
After discussing a lot about the difference between a leader and a manager, we can conclude that both are necessary for the organisation success. A good leader and manager can help the organisation, to survive in the long run and compete with its competitors.
The role of a leader is positive, wherein he figures out the hidden talent in his followers and gives them a proper guidance to achieve the goal. While the role of a manager is a little negative, wherein he criticises its employees just to make them best in their fields, but not to demoralise them.