Quality management is a system which ensures that the quality in the process, product or services provided are according to the standard. At present quality, is king. The major elements of the quality management, are quality assurance and quality control. Quality Assurance, assures that the right production process is performed in the right manner. Quality Control, on the other hand, ensures that the product will match the requisite standard.
Every organization works for continual improvement in the customer satisfaction, which can be done with the help of increasing the quality. We all have a little bit of confusion regarding the differences between quality assurance and quality control. So remove your ambiguities, with the below-given differences.
Content: Quality Assurance Vs Quality Control
|Basis for Comparison||Quality Assurance||Quality Control|
|Meaning||Quality Assurance is the process which guarantees that the quality of the process, by which the production is done, is consistent.||Quality Control is a technique which ensures that the product quality is, as per the set standards.|
|Concept||Protection from defects||Finding out the defects|
|Action||Preventive Action||Corrective Action|
|Categorized under||Verification Activity||Validation Activity|
|Function||Staff Function||Line Function|
Definition of Quality Assurance
A set of well-organized activities that are implemented in the organization’s quality management system, to ensure that the product or service will match the quality standards is known as Quality Assurance. It is a planned process that identifies the product or service at the time of its development that whether they can meet the set requirements.
Quality Assurance is not only a process but a complete system that checks the defects or anomalies in the process of producing the product so that the final product is ready for sale.
Many transnational companies have a department, which is specifically dedicated to quality assurance. It increases customer satisfaction along with improving the reputation of the company. Moreover, it helps the entity to gain a competing position in the market. It is considered as a preventive tool which prevents poor quality in product and services before it is given a final shape. It saves the time and cost of the organization.
Definition of Quality Control
A set of planned operational techniques and procedures, which are required to meet the quality criteria of a product is known as Quality Control. The process helps in detecting the flaws in the product and removing them so that the product will adhere the quality standards defined by the organization.
In this process, all the factors which are employed in the development of the product are taken into consideration for review. Once the product is completed, it has to go through from the testing, to disclose the deficiency in the product. After testing, the anomalies in the product is recorded and reported to the management who decides whether to accept or reject the product.
First of all, the entity should set the quality standards. After that, it should plan the corrective actions which are to be undertaken to ensure the quality in the product. Then the facts are collected and reported to the management of the company which takes remedial actions for improving the quality of the product.
Key Differences Between Quality Assurance and Quality Control
The following are the major differences between quality assurance and quality control.
- The set of activities which takes into confidence that the quality of the process by which the product is developed is up to the mark is known as Quality Assurance. The set of procedures which guarantees the fitness of the product is known as Quality Control.
- Quality Assurance is pro-active which is just opposite of the Quality Control because quality assurance takes place at the time of development of the product, but the quality control takes place after the final product is produced.
- Quality Assurance keeps focusing on process, whereas the product is the main focus of Quality control.
- Quality Assurance protects the product from defects while Quality Control detects and sort out the defects in the product.
- Quality Control is a subset of Quality Assurance.
- Quality Assurance is a staff function, which is not in the case of Quality Control.
- Quality Assurance is a preventive action, but Quality Control is a corrective measure.
Every entity wants to gain maximum customer satisfaction. Nowadays people are becoming quality sensitive, and that is why they do not want to compromise with the product which is inferior regarding quality. Quality Assurance and Quality Control are the two tools which help to provide quality products to the users.