A ‘Share‘ is the smallest unit into which the company’s capital is divided, representing the ownership of the shareholders in the company. A ‘Stock‘ on the other hand is a collection of shares of a member that are fully paid up. There are some differences between these them, but still people face difficulty in understanding the two. Due to this, they use these two terms interchangeably, which is not a right practice. Now come on, let’s understand the actual Meaning and Difference Between Share and Stock.
Content: Share Vs Stock
|Basis for Comparison||Share||Stock|
|Meaning||The capital of a company, is divided into small units, which are commonly known as shares.||The conversion of the fully paid up shares of a member into a single fund is known as stock.|
|Sections to be referred||Section 2 (46) of the Indian companies Act, 1956.||Section 94 of the Indian companies Act, 1956.|
|Is it possible for a company to make original issue?||Yes||No|
|Paid up value||Shares can be partly or fully paid up.||Stock can only be fully paid up.|
|Definite number||A share have a definite number known as distinctive number.||A stock does not have such number.|
|Fractional transfer||Not possible.||Possible|
|Denomination||Equal amounts||Unequal amounts|
Definition of Shares
A share is defined as the smallest division of the share capital of the company which represents the proportion of ownership of the shareholders in the company. The shares are the bridge between the shareholders and the company. The shares are offered in the stock market or markets for sale, to raise capital for the company. The shares are movable property which can be transferred in a manner specified in the Articles of Association of the company.
The shares are mainly divided into two categories: Equity shares and Preference shares.
Equity shares are the common shares of the company which carries voting rights while Preference shares are the shares which carry preferential rights for the payment of dividend and also for the repayment of capital in the event of winding up of the company.
The shares of a company can be issued in three ways:
Definition of Stock
Stock is a mere collection of the shares of a member of a company in a lump sum. When the shares of a member are converted into one fund is known as stock. A public company limited by shares can convert its fully paid-up shares into stock. However, the original issue of stock is not possible. For the conversion of the shares into stock the following conditions are to be fulfilled in this regard:
- The Articles of Association should specify such conversion.
- The company should pass an Ordinary Resolution (OR) in the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the company.
- The company shall give notice to the ROC (Registrar of Companies) about the conversion of shares into stock within the prescribed time.
After the conversion of shares into the stock, Register of members of the company will show the stock held by each member, in place of shares held by them. Although, there should not be any change in the voting rights of the members. In addition to this, there is no effect on the transferability of shares. Instead, they can now be transferred in the fraction. They are of two types: Common Stock and Preferred Stock.
Key Differences Between Share and Stock
The following are the major differences between share and stock
- A share is that smallest part of the share capital of the company which highlights the ownership of the shareholder. On the other hand, the bundle of shares of a member in a company, are collectively known as stock.
- Section 2 (46) defines the term “share”. Section 94 authorises a limited company to convert its fully paid up shares into stock.
- The share is always originally issued while the original issue of Stock is not possible.
- A share has a definite number known as a distinctive number which distinguishes it from other shares, but a stock does not have such number.
- Shares can be partly paid or fully paid. Conversely, Stock is always fully paid.
- Shares can never be transferred in the fraction. As opposed to stock, can be transferred in the fraction.
- Shares have nominal value, but the stock does not have any nominal value.
There is always a buzz between share and stock. In this article, a detailed description is provided which gives emphasis on the difference between them. In short, it can be said that the tiny part of the company’s capital is share while the collection of shares held by a member is stock. The Indian Companies Act, 1956 authorised a limited company to convert shares into stock and vice versa. There are certain legal formalities which are to be met for such conversion.