Standard Costing and Budgetary Control are the two systems of costing, which are quite similar to each other like both provides a benchmark which helps to compare the actual performance with the estimated figures. The two aims at controlling costs and measuring the performance by fixing targets. These two systems are neither alike nor interdependent. The former, forecasts, cost accounts but the later projects detail about financial accounts. Similarly, there are many differences between Standard Costing and Budgetary Control, which has been discussed below.
Content: Standard Costing Vs Budgetary Control
|Basis for Comparison||Standard Costing||Budgetary Control|
|Meaning||The costing method in which evaluation of performance and activity is done by making a comparison between actual and standard costs, is Standard Costing.||Budgetary Control is the system in which budgets are prepared and continuous comparisons are made between the actual and budgeted figures to achieve the desired result.|
|Basis||Determined on the basis of data related to production.||Budgets are prepared on the basis of management's plans.|
|Range||It is limited to cost details.||It includes cost and financial data.|
|Concept||Unit Concept||Total Concept|
|Reporting of Variances||Yes||No|
|Effect of temporary changes in conditions||The short term changes will not influence the standard costs.||The short term changes will be shown in the budgeted costs.|
|Comparison||Actual costs and standard cost of actual output||Actual figures and budgeted figures|
|Applicability||Manufacturing concerns||All business concerns|
Definition of Standard Costing
Standard Costing is a cost accounting technique, which helps to measure the performance of material, labour & overhead and report the variances, to take corrective actions. The variances are being analysed in detail and reported by comparing the actual costs with the standard cost for actual output along with determining the reasons for the same. There are two types of variances i.e. favourable (actual cost is less than the standard cost) and adverse (actual costs exceed standard costs).
The following steps are taken, in the process of Standard Costing:
- Fixing Standards
- Determining Actual Costs
- Comparison between actual and standard figures
- Variance analysis and reporting
- Taking corrective action for the disposition of variances
Standard Costing is a tool for ascertaining and controlling the costs. With this technique, the organisation can make best possible use of the resources. In addition to this, the management can keep a check on the organisational activities by assessing the deviations, i.e. analysing the difference between actual performance and the standard performance.
Definition of Budgetary Control
By Budgetary Control we mean, a management function in which an organisation’s activities are directed and regulated in such a way reach the desired objectives. It is a control technique, in which the operations are planned in advance, and then they are compared with the actual results to know whether the expected results are achieved or not. The following are the major characteristics of this system:
- The budgets are designed in accordance with the policy requirements.
- Constant comparisons are made between the actual output and the budgeted targets to review the performance.
- Revisions are made if in case the existing conditions are changed.
- Appropriate actions are taken if the expected results are not achieved.
Here, budget refers to a written financial statement expressed in monetary terms prepared in advance for future periods, containing the details about the economic activities of the business organisation.
The Budgetary Control system facilitates the management to fix the responsibilities and coordinate the activities to achieve the desired results. It helps the management to measure the performance of the organisation as a whole. Moreover, it helps in the formulation of future policies by reviewing current trends.
Key Differences Between Standard Costing and Budgetary Control
The following are the major differences between standard costing and budgetary control:
- Standard Costing is a cost accounting system, in which performance is measured by comparing the actual and standard costs. Budgetary Control is a control system in which actual and budgeted results are compared continuously in order to achieve the desired result.
- Standard Costing is limited to, cost data, but Budgetary Control is related to cost as well as economic data of the enterprise.
- standard costing is a unit concept, unlike budgetary control is a total concept.
- Standard Costing has a restricted scope, limited to production costs only, whereas Budgetary Control, has comparatively wider scope as it covers all the operations of the whole organisation.
- In Standard Costing variances are revealed and reported however in budgetary control, as the control are being exercised at the same time, the variances are not disclosed.
- In Standard Costing the comparison is made between actual cost and standard cost of actual output. On the other hand, in Budgetary Control the comparison is made between the actual and budgeted performance.
- Standard costs do not change due to short-term changes in the conditions, but budgeted costs may change.
- Standard Costing applies to manufacturing concerns. In contrast to Budgetary Control, which applies to all the organisations.
Both Standard Costing and Budgetary Control are the techniques which provide a yardstick to judge the performance and analyse disagreement of the actual and estimated figures. Budgetary Control makes side by side comparisons, and that is why periodic revisions are made in the budgets, and that is why there is no need for reporting the variances, which is absent in Standard costing.