Students are quite confused while they complete their schooling and want to take admission for higher education. This question arises scores of times in the mind of every student, What is the difference between college and university? College is an educational institution where students are offered degree and diploma courses for further studies. The University is not much different, but it has a wider scope than a college. It is a hub of high-level education which confers research programs along with a degree and diploma courses to its learners.
The difference between college and university not only resides in their meanings, but they also differ from region to region. Different countries like UK, USA, Canada, Japan, India, China etc define college and university in a variety of ways. So after an in-depth research on these two terms, we have presented some important differences between the two, so have a look.
Content: College Vs University
|Basis for Comparison||College||University|
|Meaning||A college is an educational institution which offers degree and diploma courses to its students.||A university is an authorized educational and research institution that grants degree and diploma to its students, in the respective fields.|
|Affiliation||Colleges are either affiliated to a university or it is an autonomous body.||Universities do not require any affiliation from another university.|
|Research Program||Not offered by college.||Offered by the university.|
|Number of courses offered||Limited||Myriad|
|Head||Dean or Director||Vice-Chancellor|
|Number of Enrolled students||Less, due to limited seats.||Comparatively higher.|
Definition of College
A college is a place of learning, where a diverse range of degree and diploma courses are offered to the students, for higher studies but only in specific areas. In general, colleges are a part of universities. However, there are some colleges which are independent and not affiliated with any university, so the college itself awards the degree and diplomas. They are smaller in size than a university and due to this reason, each and every student receives good personal attention from the faculty. They may be publicly or privately owned.
The word college has been derived from a Roman word “Collegium” which means some people residing jointly under a similar set of rules for a common purpose. In many countries, colleges are referred as ‘secondary school’.
Colleges offer three types of degree which are associate, bachelor or master and diploma of graduate and post graduate level.
Definition of University
A university is a centre of education, where numerous degree, diploma, and certificate courses are offered in various areas to the students, for further learning. There are many colleges which are affiliated to a single university, and that is why a University is also known as a collection of colleges.
The degree offered by the university is associate, bachelor, master and doctorate while diplomas are offered at graduate and post graduate level. The university has the right to confer degrees and diplomas to its learners if it’s recognised and approved by the Government of the respective country or else the degree and diploma is of no use as it lacks accreditation. They are either owned by the government or private individuals or a combination of both.
It has a huge campus, where departments of various streams like Arts and Commerce, Management, Science, Geology, etc. are located. The universities are divided into the following categories, according to their formation:
- Central University
- State University
- Private University
- Deemed University
Key Differences Between College and University
The following are the major differences between college and university:
- A College is a learning institution which offers degree and diploma courses to its students. A University is a higher education and research centre, which offers and award degree and diploma to its learners.
- The scope of a college is limited as compared to a university because there are many colleges affiliated to a single university.
- College does not offer research program to its students, but, the University offers the same.
- Colleges are either affiliated to a university, or they are an autonomous body. Conversely, Universities do not require affiliation from another university.
- The College offers courses, only in specific areas. On the other hand, the University offers a blend of courses and programs which are not limited to a specific area.
- The chief of a college is known as a Dean or Director while the chief of the University is known as Vice-Chancellor.
- The college has a limited number of seats and that is the reason, there are less number of students enrolled as compared to a university.
- The university has a giant campus because it is built in a huge area, whereas college is not having such large campus.
Apart from the above differences, there are many similarities between college and university, like they can be owned, operated and controlled either by the government or private individuals or the combination of both. Both offer courses for higher studies.
Many prestigious colleges and universities demand high percentage also known as cut off, from students, if they want to take admission. It is somewhere good because a standard quality of that college or university is maintained, but many intelligent students who unluckily fails to crack the cut off, have to compromise with their dreams. Sometimes entrance examination is also conducted by both for giving admission.