Employees are considered as the most valuable asset of the organisation. It is tough to find out the right employees and to put them at the right job. The process of recruitment helps to hunt the best employee from the slate of candidates. There are two sources of supply of manpower; they are internal and external recruitment. Internal Recruitment is a process whereby the employees are recruited from within the organisation. External Recruitment, on the other hand, is a process in which the recruitment is done using outside sources.
So, if you are in search of the differences between internal and external recruitment, then this article might help you.
Content: Internal Recruitment Vs External Recruitment
|Basis for Comparison||Internal Recruitment||External Recruitment|
|Meaning||Internal Recruitment involves recruiting candidates from those who are already in employment within the organization.||When the recruitment of candidates is done externally, then this type of recruitment is known as external recruitment.|
|Basis||Merit cum seniority||Merit cum qualification|
|Time taken||Quick process||Lengthy process|
|Induction training||Not required||Must|
|Cost||It is a cost effective process.||It is a costly process.|
|Choice of candidates||Limited||Unlimited|
|Sources||Transfer, Promotion, References etc.||Advertisement, casual callers, employment agencies, management consultant, recommendations etc.|
Definition of Internal Recruitment
Internal Recruitment is a recruitment in which the supply of manpower is done internally, i.e. within the organisation. The candidate is selected from among the employees who are already in employment with the organisation, i.e. present employees or from those who were in employment with the organisation in the past i.e. former employees who left the job voluntarily but they plan to return. These also include the ex-employees, whom the company wants to rehire.
In this process, the hiring of employees is done by transferring the employees from one department to another department or by promoting the employee from one level to another higher level. The following are the most common methods of internal recruitment:
- Internal advertisement
- Reemployment of former employees
- Employees hired earlier on the contract basis or for part-time work.
- Retired employees
Internal Recruitment boosts the morale of the employees that they get a chance to prove their abilities and efficiencies. Furthermore, no induction training is required, as the employees are already familiar with the organisation and the job as well. However, this process stops new talent from entering the organisation. In addition to this, there are possibilities of partiality among employees.
Definition of External Recruitment
External Recruitment refers to recruitment in which the candidates are selected from outside the organisation. Keeping aside, the talent existing within the organisation, this source involves employing such methods that will help to find out the best employees which are outside the organisation. However, it is a tough task, but it has a very positive impact as compared to internal recruitment.
The process is quite time-consuming as well as slow because of a number of steps involved in it, but it helps the organisation to hunt the best candidate among the long list of candidates. Moreover, in this source of recruitment makes the concern, openly choose the top talent considering various parameters like skills, abilities, qualification, experience, etc. In addition to this, it brings new ideas to the organisation. But there is one drawback that the organisation has to invest a huge amount in advertising, training, and induction of the employee. Some examples of such recruitment are:
- Campus Recruitment
- Job Portals
- Job fairs and seminars
- Waiting lists
- Employment Exchanges
- Job consultancies
- References and recommendations
- Direct Walk-ins
- Ads on newspaper, magazines, and website, etc
Key Differences Between Internal and External Recruitment
The following are the major differences between internal and external recruitment:
- Internal Recruitment refers to a source of recruiting manpower which is already existing within the organisation. External Recruitment is a little different as it involves the hunting of prospective employees from outside the organisation.
- Internal recruitment does not require induction training, whereas, in external recruitment, induction training is a must.
- Internal Recruitment is faster than external recruitment because external recruitment involves stages like advertising and inviting applications, screening of applications, short listing, conducting an examination and interview, selection, placement, training, testing, induction, etc., which are not present in internal recruitment.
- The basis for internal recruitment is merit-cum-seniority, but the basis of external recruitment is merit-cum-qualification.
- Internal Recruitment is a cost effective process. However, External Recruitment requires a large amount of investment.
- In internal recruitment, the choice is very limited, i.e. the scope of fresh talent is restricted. On the contrary, when the company opts for external recruitment, it can hope for talented candidates from outside the organisation, which means new blood and ideas are infused in the organisation.
Behind the success or failure of any organisation, there is only one factor, and that is the employees of that organisation. If they work with their full efforts, then the organisation is going to rise. Finding out the best employees is a very tough task. We cannot say that which method is good, but it depends on the circumstances. If an organisation has a good employee base, then it can choose an employee for the vacant position from within the organisation, however, if no employee suits best on that position, then it can employ external sources of supplying personnel.