The President of India, the Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha are collectively known as the Indian Parliament, which is the chief legislative authority in India. The President of India is the head of the Parliament. The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha are the two houses of Parliament, wherein Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament and Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament.
These two houses of Parliament primarily differs in their powers and functions. The tenure of Lok Sabha is only for five years, afte which it dissolves, whereas the Rajya Sabha is a permanent house, but after every two years, one third of its members retire. To further comprehend the topics, take a glance of the article given below, which elaborates all the basic differences between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Content: Lok Sabha Vs Rajya Sabha
|Basis for Comparison||Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
|Meaning||Lok Sabha is the House of People, where people who are eligible to vote can elect their representative by way of direct elections.||Rajya Sabha is the Council of States, where the representatives are indirectly elected by the elected representative of the Assembles of States and UnionTerritories.|
|Permanency||The operation of Lok Sabha continues for 5 years, unless dissolved earlier.||It is a permanent body.|
|Maximum number of members||552 Members||250 Members|
|Minimum age for being a member||25 years||30 years|
|Introduction of Money Bill||Only in Lok Sabha||After the bill is approved in the Lok Sabha it is sent to the Rajya Sabha for consideration.|
|Representative||Speaker||Vice President of India|
Introduction to Lok Sabha
The House of People known as Lok Sabha is the lower chamber of Parliament comprises of 552 members in which 530 members are representing States, 20 representing Union Territories and 2 representing the Anglo – Indian Community. Though it is the assembly that represents the people, the representatives of the States and Union Territories are chosen by the individuals who qualify the age of 18 years or above through direct elections while the Hon’ble President of India appoints two members of the Anglo-Indian Community.
The allocation of seats in the States is based on the proportion of their population. A number of seats are reserved for the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes.
The Lok Sabha operates for 5 years unless it is dissolved earlier. However, the Parliament can extend such period at the time of any emergency. The first Lok Sabha was constituted in the year 1952 after the first General Election in the year 1951-1952. Recently, the 16th Lok Sabha is elected in May 2014 which is the latest one, having member strength of 545 people at present.
Introduction to Rajya Sabha
The Council of States commonly known as Rajya Sabha is the upper chamber of Parliament comprises of 250 Members in which 238 members are representing States and Union Territories, while the rest of 12 members are appointed by the Hon’ble President of India. The members of Rajya Sabha are chosen through the indirect method by the elected members of the Legislature of States and Union Territories. The twelve members who are nominated by the President are the ones who gave their contribution in the specific fields.
The allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha is provided in the Fourth Schedule according to which the seat allocation is based on the proportion of the population.
The Rajya Sabha is a permanent assembly which is not a subject of dissolution. However, 33.33% of its members retires biennially i.e. after every second year which is replaced by the new members. The tenure of membership of a member is six years. The present strength of the members of Rajya Sabha is 245.
Key Differences Between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
The points given below are noteworthy so far as the difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha is concerned:
- Lok Sabha, as its name suggests, it is the assembly in which the people elect representatives. Rajya Sabha, as its name signifies, is is the body in which the representatives are chosen by the elected members of the Assemblies of States and Union Territories.
- Rajya Sabha is a permanent body while Lok Sabha dissolves after every five years.
- The speaker is the representative of Lok Sabha. On the other hand, the Vice-President of India is the representative of Rajya Sabha.
- The maximum members in the Lok Sabha are 552 while they are only 250 in case of Rajya Sabha
- For being a member in Lok Sabha, a person must attain a minimum age of 25 years, whereas in the case of Rajya Sabha this age is 30 years.
- The introduction of Money Bill is done exclusively in the Lok Sabha, which after the approval Lok Sabha, is sent to Rajya Sabha, for consideration.
The only limitation with the Lok Sabha is that it is a temporary body, which can be operated for five years from the date, it came into force. Although both the bodies constitute the Bicameral-Parliament of India, where the Higher Assembly is the Rajya Sabha, and the Lower Assembly is the Lok Sabha. Joint sittings of both the houses are held when there is a dispute regarding any legislation which is uncommon. However, the number of members of Rajya Sabha are half the members of the Lok Sabha. So the power of Lok Sabha is also twice the power of the Rajya Sabha.