The words ‘above’ and ‘over’ are both prepositions and adverbs which are used to describe the position of any person or object and also when we discuss measurements, i.e. a level which is higher than another level on a scale. When something is above something else, i.e. the first thing is directly perpendicular to the latter, then we use over to indicate the position.
On the other hand, when the upper object is not in direct vertical line with the lower object, then we use the word above to describe the location of the object.
- She lives in the flat above; you can come over my place.
- The boy lifted his hands above to touch the fan over his head.
In these two sentences, you might have observed that the word ‘above’ is used to denote something upwards, i.e. at an extended space over. On the other hand, in the first sentence over denotes a situation or condition that has been placed, whereas in the second sentence over indicates something which is outrightly above one’s head.
Content: Above Vs Over
|Basis for Comparison||Above||Over|
|Meaning||Above represents something at a place higher than another person or object.||Over represents something that is directly upwards the another person or object.|
|Indicates||Location only||Location and motion|
|Numbers||It is not used with numbers.||It is used with numbers.|
|Space||Must be there.||May or may not be there|
|Examples||Joseph is intelligent, honest and above all, caring.||She worked as a stock market analyst for over 10 years.|
|Ali was watching the sky above.||There is a wind chime over your head.|
|We rented the room above our clinic.||The investigation will be over when the officers find the culprit.|
Definition of Above
The adverb and preposition ‘above’ is used when something is at the higher position than something else. It is used when something is overhead. However, that is not directly perpendicular to the object which is lower. Hence when something is not directly over another, use above. The points given below can help you to understand the usage:
- Something that is upward or overhead:
- It is a plane hovering above the mall.
- There is a nail above the window.
- More than a particular level:
- The temperature is above 50 degrees in summers.
- She values money above anything else.
- Higher in rank or position:
- You can speak to the officer above.
- We got the instructions from above.
- The above figure explains the working of the synchronous motor.
- Refer to the image above.
- In preference to:
- I will choose friendship above love.
- The teachers always favour Joe above other students.
Definition of Over
The word ‘over’ can be used as a preposition and adverb, to talk about something that is at a higher level, as compared to something else. This means that when something is at a higher place covering any person or object and is directly perpendicular, we use the word over, i.e. it extends outrightly upwards from the person or the object.
Further, also denotes the movement of something at a higher position from one side to another. Read out the points given below to understand its usage:
- At a higher position:
- I held an umbrella over my head when it started raining.
- To cover something:
- She put a scarf over her neck.
- About or concerning, when we are talking about the cause of interest or discussion:
- There is no need to think over this issue.
- Why are you laughing over a silly joke?
- The Education Minister is coming today to look over the school.
- On the other side:
- Can you see the bike over there?
- There is a grocery shop over the street.
- Across, to indicate movement from one place to another:
- The dog jumped over the fence.
- He hit the jug with his hands, and the water spilt all over the table.
- During something, indicating a particular period:
- When I was in a hostel, I talk to my mom daily for over an hour.
- We will discuss this matter over dinner.
- Downward movement:
- The apple fell over the head of the boy.
- More than usual or expected:
- Those who are 18 years and over must register themselves for elections.
- Today’s temperature is over 45 degrees
- End or Complete
- The contest is over now.
- My exams will be over by the end of this week.
Key Differences Between Above and Over
The difference between above and over can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:
- When something is in extended space at a distance to an object, we say that the former is above the latter. As against, over is used when something is over someone/something else or moving over it, then the former is in a direct vertical line over the latter.
- Both above and over is used to indicate the location of something which is at a higher position, however, ‘over’ expresses the location in a precise manner, in the sense that it indicates movement of the object from one side to another.
- When it comes to numbers, we use over and not above in a sentence. However, above is used with numbers when we are talking about a certain level.
- We use above when there is no contact between the object we are talking about, i.e. there is some space between the two. On the contrary, we can use ‘over’ irrespective of the space between the two objects, provided that the upper object covers the lower one.
- There is a nameplate above the door.
- A free medical facility is provided to the persons aged 50 or above.
- His height is above average.
- Can you jump over the drain?
- She is getting over her disease.
- The alarm rang for over five minutes.
How to remember the difference
You can use above when something is at a higher position, and not touching a person or object. On the contrary, over can be used in different context, i.e. for something which is at a higher position, to cover something or to show preference/interest in something.