Prepositions can be described as the word that shows the direction and position of an object or person. Across and through are two most bewildering prepositions which can also be used as an adverb. Basically, they refer to the movement from one side to the other. Across, as the name suggests, it is used to talk about the transverse movement of a person or object. As against, through is used to denote a movement from one side of the passage, towards the other side.
- She walked through the pool.
- She walked across the pool.
At first instance, the two sentences often appear the same to us, but if you check their literal meaning, then you will understand the real difference between these two. In the first example, the word ‘through’ means by way of, whereas in the second example ‘across’ means side to side.
Content: Across Vs Through
|Basis for Comparison||Across||Through|
|Meaning||Across refers to the movement of someone or something on, at, to or from the other side.||Through implies the movement of someone or something from one side to another, in an enclosed space.|
|Usage||When the movement takes place in two-dimensional area.||When the movement takes place in three-dimensional area.|
|Part of speech||Preposition and adverb||Preposition, adverb and adjective|
|Examples||I have seen a sparrow, while walking across the ground.||They came through the back door.|
|The medical shop is across the lane.||I can see gas flowing through pipe.|
|There is so much rush on the road to walk across.||The road led us through bushes.|
Definition of Across
The word across can be used as both adverb and preposition. It refers to traversing from one side to another, of any place, field, road, etc, whose limits are apparent. It is used to explain the overall picture, wherein there is a straight path between the two ends, extending at a distance on the flat surface. The points below explains the usage of across, take a read:
- From one point to another point:
- The bridge across the river was demolished last Sunday.
- On the opposite side:
- The medical shop is across the lane.
- A new garage has been opened across the bridge.
- Domino’s opened its outlets across the city.
- To find or meet:
- I just came across the article, you have written in the magazine.
- When something stretches the other side of something else:
- She has drawn several lines across the paper.
Definition of Through
Through means getting in from one end and out from the other end. It is the process of movement from one point to another, wherein the moving person or object is “in something”, in essence, the movement takes place in a hollow enclosed area wherein there are limits on top, bottom and sides, such as, long bushes, tunnel, doorway, crowd of people, forest, etc.
- From one side or end of something to other:
- I looked outside through the window.
- You can look outside through the keyhole
- From the beginning to the end of something:
- The hospital will be opened Monday through Saturday.
- Due to or as a result of:
- We lost the contract through the carelessness of top-level employees.
- We placed the order through the mobile application.
- Having done with something, i.e. completion:
- We have been through your work, it is quite impressive.
- Going in and out of a process:
- One must go through the treatment, to cure the disease.
- As she has been through a bad experience, in marriage, she doesn’t trust people easily.
- All over:
- Shael studied through the night, while Raman fell asleep.
- Way of spreading a piece of news:
- I heard about your engagement through an acquaintance.
- To show relationship:
- I am related to him through our uncles.
Key Differences Between Across and Through
The points given below are substantial so far as the difference between across and through are concerned:
- Across, as the name signifies, it indicates the crosswise, arrangement or movement of something, i.e. from one end or side to the other. On the other hand, the word through refers to in and out of something which is an enclosed space.
- We use the word ‘across’ when there is a movement in two-dimensional open space, i.e. a field, ground, bridge, road, etc. Conversely, ‘through’ is used when the movement takes place in three-dimensional closed space, i.e. tunnel, doorway, forest, etc.
- As a preposition, across tells you the position of an object which is on the opposite end or direction, and you need to travel some distance to reach there. As an adverb, through means fully, backward and forward, while as a preposition it means in an out of a place. It can also be used as an adjective, ‘through’ implies completion of something.
- The dog ran across the garden and then disappeared after some time.
- That house across the street belongs to my uncle.
- I came across your profile suddenly.
- Amar was penalized for driving through a red light.
- Our car passed through the tunnel.
- He hit the nail through hammer.
How to remember the difference
The best way to remember the difference between across and through is that when we discuss, movement from one end to the other, but “in something”, such as a tunnel, window etc. then we use the word ‘through’. However, if space is open through which the object is passing, we use the word ‘across’.