Cover Letter is a document that highlights the job seeker’s credentials, and describes the content of another document, i.e. resume or curriculum vitae, with which it is sent. On the other hand, Curriculum Vitae or CV is a summary of the applicant’s educational and employment credential. It is a snapshot of the career history of the candidate, which is indeed the primary phase, in getting the attention of potential employer.
The two documents are of great importance, for every candidate who wants to get a job, in the world of extreme competition. A CV and a cover letter presents the applicant, before the employer and so it must be properly drafted and written. Most people assume that the two are one and the same thing, while they are not. Just take a read of this article to know about the differences between CV and cover letter.
Content: CV Vs Cover Letter
|Basis for Comparison||Curriculum Vitae (CV)||Cover Letter|
|Meaning||A document containing the details of applicant's academic qualifications, professional experience and past history is known as Curriculum Vitae or CV.||A letter attached to a CV or resume that gives a brief description of the applicant to the potential employer, is known as Cover Letter.|
|What it contains?||CV includes every single detail about the candidate's career like his educational background, personal interests, work experience, etc.||Cover Letter explains why a candidate is most appropriate for the vacancy.|
|Size||More than two pages.||Less than one page|
|Modifications||It is same for all jobs.||It can be changed according to the job.|
Definition of Curriculum Vitae (CV)
A written snapshot of a person’s educational qualification, work experience, and some personal details is known as a Curriculum Vitae (CV). It is mainly used by the prospective employers to draw the career sketch of the job seekers and shortlist the deserving candidates before calling them for an interview. It contains the qualifications, skills, hobbies, experience, achievements, projects, awards, publications, extracurricular activities.
The term Curriculum Vitae is derived from a Latin word, which simply means ‘course of life’. It is used while applying for specific purposes like fellowships, advanced research, grants and so on.
Definition of Cover Letter
A letter which is attached to or sent with another document (i.e. CV or resume) and contains the summary of another document is known as Cover Letter. The cover letter is used while applying for the jobs. It complements the main document by outlining eligibility criteria fulfilled by the applicant. The document is of utmost importance; that decides whether the candidate will get a chance to meet personally or get an interview call for the said position.
Cover Letter gives a short introduction about the candidate qualifications, experience and accomplishments and interest that are required for the post applied.
Cover Letter contains the arguments that why the candidate is the best man for the job. It can be customized according to the job. It contains the details about name, contact details, educational qualifications, professional experience, prospects and so on.
Key Differences Between CV and Cover Letter
The major differences between CV and Cover Letter are explained below:
- Curriculum Vitae is a biography of a person’s career like his qualifications, skills, competencies, achievements, etc. Cover Letter is a letter which gives a short description of the applicant to the potential employer.
- CV is a detailed document, but Cover Letter is ‘to the point’ document.
- A CV includes the details about the educational and employment history of the applicant. Conversely, the cover letter expresses the interest of the candidate in the job applied.
- Normally, the size of CV is two or more than two pages. On the other hand, the length of a cover letter does not exceed one page.
- A CV cannot modify according to the job, it remains same for all jobs, whereas a cover letter can be modified according to the job.
CV and Cover Letter are complementary documents. Cover Letter gives an overview of the person’s accomplishments and shows the skills, competencies, experience and qualifications that fulfill the recruiter’s criteria. CV is the well-organized document which gives each and every detail about the background and skills of an individual. The content, format, and language used, in the two documents have a great impact on the reader’s mind. So, it would be beneficial, if the sender prepares the two documents in such a way that will impress the reader.