Based on the work performed by the banks, the financial industry is bifurcated into two major segments i.e. investment bank and commercial bank. While the former, is set up for the purpose of concluding commercial transactions, the latter is established to offer services to investors. People often get confused between these two banks and use them interchangeably. There exists a thin line of difference between the investment bank and commercial bank, which is presented in this article in detail. Have a look.
Content: Investment Bank Vs Commercial Bank
|Basis for Comparison||Investment Bank||Commercial Bank|
|Meaning||Investment bank refers to a financial institution, that offers services like underwriting of securities, brokerage services and so on.||Commercial bank is a bank that provides services like accepting deposits, lending money, payment on standing order and many more.|
|Offers||Customer specific service||Standardized service|
|Associated with||Performance of financial market.||Nation's economic growth and demand for credit|
|Customer base||Few hundreds only||Millions|
|Banker to||Individuals, government and corporations.||All citizens|
|Income||Fees, commissions or profit on trading activities.||Fees and interest income|
Definition of Investment Bank
The term investment bank is used to define a financial institution that performs intricate financial transactions. These banks link the big corporations with the investors. The banks serve its customers in a number of ways like assisting government and corporations in issuing securities, helping the investors in buying stocks, bonds, etc. providing advisory services and so on.
The banks generate its income by charging fees for its advisory services. Further, the bank’s trading business is subject to profit or loss. These banks play a crucial role in aiding companies or government to take well-planned decisions and raise funds easily. The services provided by an investment bank are given as under:
- Underwriting of Securities
- Raising of capital
- Asset management
- Wealth management
- Advisory services
- Merger and Acquisitions
- Assisting companies in making an Initial Public Offer (IPO)
Definition of Commercial Bank
The term commercial bank refers to an establishment which is engaged in providing banking and financial services to the public as a whole. In earlier times, there was no such institution where people can deposit their money safely or take loans. So they used to go to money sharks to borrow funds, and they deposit their money in the post offices. Later on, banks are being developed that works as a banker to all the citizens of the country.
Commercial banks are owned publicly or privately or by the combination of the two. The banks help in the mobilisations of savings across the economy. It is governed by the Banking Regulation Act of India, 1949.
The banks accept deposits from the citizens of the country at a nominal interest rate and use that money in extending credit to other customers (borrowers), charging a higher rate of interest from them. In this way, commercial banks make its income from the left over amount of interest. In addition to this, one of the major sources of bank’s income is the fees charged by them for offering various services to the public. The diverse range of services provided by the commercial banks are:
- Accepting deposits
- Advancing loans
- Overdraft and cash credit facility
- Payment on standing instructions
- Withdrawal of money on demand
- Collection of bills and promissory notes
- Trading in shares and debentures on behalf of customer
- Locker facility
- ATM Card, Debit Card, Credit Card Facility
- Mobile banking
- Internet banking
Key Differences Between Investment Bank and Commercial Bank
The basic difference between investment bank and commercial bank are indicated below:
- A financial intermediary set up to provide investment and advisory services to the companies, is known as an investment bank. Commercial Bank is a bank established to provide banking services to the general public.
- Investment bank offers customer specific service whereas commercial bank offers standardised services.
- The customer base of a commercial bank is comparatively higher than an investment bank.
- The investment bank is related to the performance of the stock market while economic growth and the credit demand affect the rate of interest charged by the commercial bank.
- The investment bank is a banker to individual, government, corporations, etc. On the other hand, commercial bank is a banker to all the citizens of the country.
- The investment bank generates its income from fees and commission. Unlike Commercial Bank, which generates income from interest and fees.
The primary difference between these two financial intermediaries is the audience they cater to as well as their area of business. While commercial banks serve all the citizens of the country and its main business is to accept deposits and grant loans. Investment banks deal in securities and so its primary activity is to trade in financial assets and provide advisory services.